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HTRF Human Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) Detection Kit, 500 Assay Points

The phospho-H2AX (Ser139) kit enables the quantitative cell-based detection of the histone variant H2AX, phosphorylated on serine 139.

For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. All products to be used in accordance with applicable laws and regulations including without limitation, consumption & disposal requirements under European REACH regulations (EC 1907/2006).
Product Variants
Part number: 64H2XPEG
Unit Size: 500 Assay Points
List price: USD 2,147.00
Your price:
USD 2,147.00
USD 2,147.00 /each
Part number: 64H2XPEH
Unit Size: 10,000 Assay Points
List price: USD 12,490.00
Your price:
USD 0.00
USD 12,490.00 /each

Overview

The phospho-H2AX (Ser139) kit offers quantitative detection of the histone variant H2AX, phosphorylated on serine 139. This specific phosphorylation may occur when double-stranded DNA breaks, either due to ionizing radiation or to endogenous physiological processes. This modification, called gamma-H2AX (phospho-Ser139), triggers cell cycle arrest and DNA damage response repair, which makes this assay particularly appropriate for studying genome stability, cell cycle, DNA repair, and more broadly as a biomarker for cancer and for aging process investigations.

Specifications

Assay Points
500
Assay Target Type
Kit
Assay Technology
HTRF
Brand
HTRF
Quantity
1
Shipping Conditions
Shipped in Dry Ice
Therapeutic Area
Oncology & Inflammation
Unit Size
500 Assay Points

Video gallery

How it works

Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) assay principle

The Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) assay measures H2AX when phosphorylated at Ser139. Contrary to Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based and does not require gels, electrophoresis or transfer. The Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) assay uses 2 labeled antibodies: one with a donor fluorophore, the other one with an acceptor. The first antibody is specific for the phosphorylated motif on the protein, the second one recognizes the protein independent of its phosphorylation state. Protein phosphorylation enables an immune-complex formation involving both labeled antibodies and which brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity to the acceptor, thereby generating a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of phosphorylated protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein’s phosphorylation state under a no-wash assay format.

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Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) 2-plate assay protocol

The 2 plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis then transferring lysates to a 384-well low volume detection plate before adding phospho-H2AX (Ser139) HTRF detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.

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Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) 1-plate assay protocol

Detection of Phosphorylated H2AX (Ser139) with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.

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Assay validation

HTRF phospho-H2AX cellular assay compared to Western Blot

HEK-293 cells were grown in a T175 flask to 80% confluency. Cell culture were then lysed and pelleted by centrifugation. Serial dilutions of the cell lysate were performed in the supplemented lysis buffer and 16 µL of each dilution were dispensed and analyzed side-by-side by Western Blot and by HTRF. The HTRF cellular assays were found to be at least 16-fold more sensitive than the Western Blot.

phospho-h2ax-cellular-kit

 

Neocarzinostatin dose-response on Jurkat cells

25,000 human Jurkat cells were plated in 96 well plates. After incubation with increasing concentrations of neocarzinostatin (30min), cells were lysed with 10µl of lysis buffer 4X for 30min at RT under gentle shaking. 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well sv white microplate and 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-H2AX (Ser139) detection reagents were added. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

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Phospho-H2AX(Ser139) activation on Jurkat cells: detection kinetics

25,000 human Jurkat cells were plated in 96 well plates. After incubation with increasing concentrations of neocarzinostatin (30min), cells were lysed with 10µl of lysis buffer 4X for 30min at RT under gentle shaking. 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well small volume white microplate and 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-H2AX (Ser139) detection reagents were added. The HTRF signal was recorded after different incubation times.

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Simplified pathway

Phospho-H2AX (Ser139) cellular assay kit simplified pathway

DNA Double-Strand Breaks (DSB) are the most deleterious type of DNA damage, consecutive to endogenous processes or exogenous factors (e.g. ionizing & UV radiations, specific anticancer drugs). H2AX is a variant of the histone H2A family, which gets phosphorylated at Ser139 upon the event of a DSB. This modification is called ?-H2AX and is spread within minutes to thousands of H2AX proteins in proximity to the damage site. It is crucial is crucial to activating the DNA damage response pathway, a complex molecular mechanism to detect and repair DNA damage.

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Resources

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