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HTRF Human Total VAV1 Detection Kit, 500 Assay Points

This HTRF kit enables the cell-based quantitative detection of human total VAV1 (Vav proto-oncogene 1), as a readout of the signaling activity of adaptive immunity receptors, specifically T-cell receptor (TCR) and B-cell receptor (BCR).

For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. All products to be used in accordance with applicable laws and regulations including without limitation, consumption & disposal requirements under European REACH regulations (EC 1907/2006).

Product Variants
Part number: 64VAV1TPEG
Unit Size: 500 Assay Points
List price: USD 2,147.00
Your price:
USD 2,147.00
USD 2,147.00 /each
Part number: 64VAV1TPEH
Unit Size: 10,000 Assay Points
List price: USD 12,490.00
Your price:
USD 0.00
USD 12,490.00 /each


VAV1, also known as Vav proto-oncogene 1, is a signaling protein that plays a crucial role in cellular signaling and immune responses. It is primarily expressed in cells of hematopoietic origin, including T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells.

VAV1 acts as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the Rho family GTPases, including Rac1, Rac2, and RhoA. VAV1 activates these GTPases by promoting the exchange of GDP (guanosine diphosphate) for GTP (guanosine triphosphate) on these enzymes. Through this mechanism, VAV1 is an important regulator of essential cellular processes such as cytoskeletal rearrangement, cell adhesion, proliferation, and migration.

In immune cells, VAV1 is an important intermediary in the downstream signaling of specialized antigen receptors, including T cell receptors (TCRs) and B cell receptors (BCRs). As such, VAV1 has been implicated in several diseases, including the autoimmune disorders systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In these conditions, abnormal VAV1 signaling can contribute to immune dysregulation and inflammation. Additionally, VAV1 is involved in certain types of cancer, where aberrant activation can promote cellular transformation and metastasis.


Shipping Conditions
Shipped in Dry Ice
Unit Size
500 Assay Points

How it works

HTRF human total VAV1 assay principle

The Total VAV1 assay quantifies the expression level of VAV1 in a cell lysate. Unlike Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based, and does not require gels, electrophoresis, or transfer. The assay uses two labeled antibodies, one coupled to a donor fluorophore, the other to an acceptor. Both antibodies are highly specific for a distinct epitope on the protein. In presence of VAV1 in a cell extract, the addition of these conjugates brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity with the acceptor, and thereby generates a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of the protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein’s expression under a no-wash assay format.

HTRF Human Total VAV1 assay principle
HTRF human total VAV1 one-plate assay protocol

Detection of Total VAV1 with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation, and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.

HTRF Human Total VAV1 one-plate assay protocol
HTRF human total VAV1 two-plate assay protocol

The two-plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis, then transferring lysates into a low volume detection plate (either HTRF 384-lv or 96-lv plate) before the addition of the HTRF Total-VAV1 detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.

HTRF Human Total VAV1 two-plate assay protocol


Assay validation

Dose-response of the HTRF Phospho/Total VAV1 assay on cells treated with pervanadate

Jurkat cells (100,00 cells/well) were plated at 25 µL in a 96-well plate in complete culture medium, and treated with 5 µL of increasing concentrations of pervanadate diluted in media, and then incubated for 30 min at 37ºC, 5% CO2.

The cells were lysed with 10 µL of 4x lysis buffer #1 for 45 minutes at RT.  After lysis, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a low volume white microplate before the addition of 2 µL each of the donor and acceptor HTRF pVav1 or total VAV1 detection reagents.  The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

Dose-response of the HTRF Phospho/Total VAV1 assay on cells treated with pervanadate


Simplified pathway

VAV1 signaling pathway

Conformational changes on the intracellular portion of the receptor promote the recruitment of tyrosine kinases Lck and ZAP-70, which phosphorylate its tyrosine domains as well as other neighboring signaling proteins like LAT (Linker for Activation of T cells).

Phosphorylated LAT then recruits VAV1 and promotes its phosphorylation and activation. Phospho-VAV1 goes on to catalyze GDP/GTP exchanges on proteins of the Rho family, especially Rac1 and Cdc42. These Rho proteins then trigger a cascade of downstream signaling events, which include sending transcription factors to the nucleus to promote cytoskeletal reorganization, cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation, as well as other immune-cell mechanisms promoting the elimination of pathogens or compromised cells.

VAV1 signaling pathway



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